A biography of christopher columbus an italian explorer

Christopher Columbus Genealogy Parents? If one buys the Genoa origins of Columbushe was born the eldest child of Domenico Colombo and Susanna Fontanarossa. Their first child was Cristoforo, in ; later came Giovanni Pellegrino, Bartolomeo, Giacomo, and daughter Bianchinetta.

A biography of christopher columbus an italian explorer

Blessed Leonard Kimura https: The Miraculous Medal https: For there are countless hundreds of cities, towns, and other landmarks bearing the names of great saints of the Church that testify to the inestimable apostolic labors of her sons and daughters in America.

We present here a brief rundown of the Catholic venture of this noble Genoan. Pre-Columbian Ventures First, we confront the uncertainty and confusion surrounding the discovery of America. This was an error, of course, as the historians later realized.

Later historians, eager perhaps to shadow the apostolic motives of Catholic explorers, insisted that the Vikings were the first to sail to our shores.

Yet, they ignore the fact that when the pagan Norsemen discovered Iceland in the Eighth Century, there they found crosses, bells, sacred vessels, and other Catholic artifacts of Irish craftsmanship.

Upon returning to Norway from their long voyages, these hardy sailors found that the idols of Scandinavia had been hurled to the dust.

The king had embraced the true Faith and the whole people had renounced paganism. When the Nordics, therefore, set out again for their new-found lands, they brought Catholicism with them this time, Hence we learn that the Viking explorers Bjorn and Leif were Catholics, not pagans, and that after their discovery of the American shores, missionaries immediately offered to come here to preach the Gospel to the savage inhabitants.

But having mentioned that the Catholic Irish had preceded the Norsemen to Iceland, we must also note that likewise they were the earliest explorers of our Atlantic coast. In fact, it is recorded that Saint Brendan the Navigator, the patron saint of seamen, had sailed to the American continent in the sixth century, some two hundred years before the Vikings.

Their objective was twofold: The leader of this brave band, of course, was Christopher Columbus, a native of Genoa, and the only Italian among this crew of Spaniards and Portuguese.

Columbus before the Queen, by Emanuel Gottlieb Leutze,Brooklyn Museum source Columbus had begun sailing the seas as a boy of fourteen and over the years had acquired a notable skill in navigation and astronomy.

He is said to have sailed as far as Guinea when he was sixteen years of age. For some time he and his brother had pondered the idea of reaching the East Indies by sailing westward, and it was the hope of executing this idea that brought Christopher to Portugal in He presented his plan to the King of Portugal, but meeting with no success he set off for Spain in Enter the Franciscans Dejected and practically reduced to begging, Columbus accepted the hospitality of a Franciscan monastery.

To carry the Name and doctrine of Jesus Christ into regions so distant. Christopher also presented his plan to Pope Alexander VI in letter, hoping to secure missionaries accompany him on the journey. A Rough Voyage Knowing that a plenary indulgence would be gained by all who received Holy Communion on the Feast of Our Lady of the Angels, August second, the courageous explorer-missioner chose that date for his departure.

Every one of the crew approached the Communion rail that morning and, after invoking the protection of the Queen of Heaven, they set out for a historic destiny. The men suffered considerably from the grueling experience of being many weeks at sea in the turbulence of unknown waters.

Fear and uncertainty began to take hold of them. Two months passed and still there was no land to be seen. The crew grew all the more restless and insisted that their captain return back. Still confident, however, Columbus countered their fears with a proposition: If no land were sighted by the Feast of Our Lady of the PillarOctober twelfth, he would reverse their course.

This was a persuasive appeal even to these much frightened Iberian sailors, because the Feast commemorated the day on which the Blessed Virgin appeared to Saint James the Greater, Apostle of Spain, and reassured him that, in spite of his apparent failure in that country, his work eventually would bring forth tremendous fruits for the Church.

The men agreed to this offer, and as a reward for their faith, land was sighted — on the very day of the great Feast. Their total number of days at sea had been seventy-two — precisely the number of years that the Mother of God spent on earth.

The first act of Columbus upon setting foot on this new land was to set up the standard of the Cross and claim it in the Name of Jesus Christ.

After a brief rest he set sail again, and on Christmas Day he disembarked on the northern coast of what is now Haiti, establishing the first European settlement in the New World, which he called La Navidad The Nativity.

Columbus, by securing the friendship of the natives, was able to learn from them that a large island lay not far away, and that beyond it was a huge body of land.

A biography of christopher columbus an italian explorer

And so, leaving sixty of his men there, he started out on his return course to Spain, bringing with him the news of the existence of the American continent. His news was received enthusiastically by the Catholic Kings, not merely because it promised economic relief for their suffering country, but primarily because they had learned that the natives of the new land were well disposed to receive the gift of Faith.

The pious queen addressed Christopher with these words:Synopsis. Explorer Amerigo Vespucci was born March 9, , (some scholars say ) in Florence, Italy. On May 10, , he embarked on his first voyage. These stories of presidents, inventors, educators, scientists, business men and women etc.

are presented to inspire the student to follow their examples of courage, determination, honesty and willingness to work.

Christopher Columbus in his own writings, translated though, what could be more exciting?

Early career and preparation for the first voyage Columbus founded a colony in today's Santo Domingo on the island of Hispaniolawhich became the colonial headquarters for later Spanish explorations and the eventual conquest of powerful empires and tribal peoples from Mexicothe Caribbeanand South America.
Keep Exploring Britannica His mother was Susanna Fontanarossa. Bartolomeo worked in a cartography workshop in Lisbon for at least part of his adulthood.
Christopher Columbus Biography for Kids « Submit Tips For Editing We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind.
Christopher Columbus - Wikipedia Just around this time —96Vespucci was engaged as the executor of Giannotto Berardi, an Italian merchant who had recently died in Seville.

Well, maybe the hardships they faced during the journey, strange Islands and natives they discoveren and all politics that were involved to arrange the journey. How the founding fathers turned Christopher Columbus, a mediocre Italian sailor and mass murderer, into a historical icon.

Christopher Columbus is also known as Cristobal or Christobal Colon (in Spanish) and Cristoforo Colombo (in his native Italian) America is named for Amerigo Vespucci, who explored what is now South America a few years after Columbus’s initial voyage.

Christopher Columbus wasn't Italian? Kris Lane, professor of colonial Latin American history at Tulane University, busts five myths about the explorer.

Christopher Columbus - Wikipedia