Chryseis had been captured in a Greek siege and given to Agamemnon as a war prize. Chryses has brought many gifts as ransom for his daughter, but Agamemnon refuses to accept them and sends Chryses away.
Summary Analysis The two armies approach each other on the battlefield, the Trojans with war cries and the Achaeans in silence. Paris appears at the front of the Trojan force, challenging Achaeans to fight him one on one. Menelaus notices Paris and gleefully plans to fight him for revenge.
Paris, seeing Menelaus, retreats back into the Trojan lines. Only acts of valor give a man honor on the battlefield. The winner of the duel will take Helen home along with a vast treasure, ending the war without further bloodshed. Hector happily agrees and strides out in front of the battle to declare a temporary truce.
Agamemnon sees Hector come forward and tells his archers to stop firing. Hector asks all of the soldiers to put down their armor while the two champions fight. The duel between two soldiers is one of the signature modes of fighting in the poem, testing the mettle of two soldiers against one another, free of any outside influence.
He asks for a sacrifice to be made to the gods, with King Priam as witness, to seal the oath that their duel will end the war. The two armies rejoice at the possibility that the war might soon be over. Both sides are receptive to the idea that the two will settle their difference through a duel, as both sides have lost many men fighting for Helen.
Helen is filled with longing for Menelaus and her homeland. As Helen is informed of the duel, she is shown as a passive witness to the men who fight for her hand.
Helen comes from the same region as Menelaus, and the thought that she might have a homecoming excites her. The elders remark how beautiful Helen is, but that it would be better if the Achaeans took her home to end the war. Priam calls Helen to his side.
Recognizing her familiarity with the Achaeans from her past, asks her to point out certain men on the field. Homer addresses the practical question of the war, as the potential destruction of Troy is a great price to pay for a woman, even one as beautiful as Helen.
Priam and Helen are shown to have a bond of friendship, humanizing both characters. Active Themes Helen names for him Agamemnon, Odysseus, Great Ajax, and Idomeneus, noting the strength and special qualities of each man.
For one of the few times in the poem, we see the Achaeans described from the Trojan perspective. The Achaeans are seen as men of great bravery, noble opponents to the Trojans.
Active Themes Trojan heralds bring out the sacrifice, and call Priam out to the battlefield to oversee it. Shuddering, Priam reaches the front, where Agamemnon consecrates the sacrifice and swears again that the war will end when the duel is finished.
A sacrifice to the gods is necessary to ensure the validity of the oaths taken: Similarly, Homer is able to tell the reader beforehand if an act will come to pass, emphasizing the fated nature of certain actions. Active Themes The ground for the duel is measured off, and the two champions cast lots.
Paris straps on his burnished armor, Menelaus does the same, and the duel begins. Menelaus prays to Zeus for revenge, and his spear throw almost hits Paris, who barely dodges it. By contrast, happenstance events like the breaking of a sword are attributed to the acts of gods.
Before he can complete his conquest, Aphrodite intervenes, snapping the strap of the helmet and transporting him back to his bedroom in Troy. Aphrodite is, among other things, the personification of love, and the fact that Paris is her favorite, and that she must remove him from the battle to his bedroom, indicates that Paris is soft in battle.
Helen resists, suggesting that Aphrodite has transported her before against her will, and that she will never go back to Paris. Aphrodite becomes furious and threatens to destroy Helen.
Helen meekly submits and goes to Paris. Paris deflects her harsh words and the two make love. On the battlefield, Menelaus looks for Paris up and down the lines, and the Achaeans cry out that Menelaus is the victor, ending the war by oath. Aphrodite takes the form of a friend of Helen in order to be more convincing, but is also more than capable of forcing Helen to do her bidding.
Meanwhile, the war appears to be over. Retrieved October 2, In Homer’s Iliad, she is the most beautiful of Priam’s daughters but not a prophetess. Cassandra Cassandra, statue at the Flower Garden of Kroměříž, alphabetnyc.com Pernak According to Aeschylus ’s tragedy Agamemnon, Cassandra was loved by the god Apollo, who promised her the power of prophecy if she would comply with his desires.
Aug 09, · Indeed, in the Iliad, we learn that Cassandra was the child of King Priam of Troy, and she was considered to be Priam's most beautiful daughter (Homer, Iliad, Book XIII, ).
However, no mention of Cassandra's notorious prophetic power is made in this Homeric alphabetnyc.com: Resolved. Mar 27, · Cassandra is mentioned briefly in the Iliad of Homer (which, incidentally, is one of our oldest and most respected sources for information about the characters of Greek myth).
Indeed, in the Iliad, we learn that Cassandra was the child of King Priam of Troy and his wife Hecuba, and therefore was a princess of Troy. Cassandra or Kassandra (Ancient Greek: Κασσάνδρα, pronounced [kas̚sándra], also Κασάνδρα), also known as Alexandra, was a daughter of King Priam and of Queen Hecuba of Troy in Greek mythology.
Homer, Iliad is the narration of the Trojan war. The Trojan war was one of the most important and significant wars of Greek mythology, Homer described how the war was triggered by the abduction of the most beautiful women known as Helen. Get an answer for 'What is the role of fate in Homer's Iliad and Christa Wolf's novel Cassandra, especially with respect to Hektor?
How does fate affect the plot, the characters, the overall.