This is primarily a list of Greatest Mathematicians of the Past, but I use birth as an arbitrary cutoff, and two of the "Top " are still alive now. Click here for a longer List of including many more 20th-century mathematicians. Click for a discussion of certain omissions.
However, since the mids, there has been a resurgence of interest in these arguments.
Each of these kinds of arguments has found supporters, although few regard these as the strongest arguments that can be given for the existence of God. Discussion of teleological arguments has, in recent times, been partly driven by the emergence of the intelligent design movement in the United States.
On the other hand, there has also been the development of fine-tuning teleological arguments driven primarily by results from very recent cosmological investigation of our universe. General Overviews There are few works that seek to provide a comprehensive overview of arguments for the existence of God; there are rather more works that seek to give a thorough treatment of arguments for and against the existence of God.
Mackie is the gold standard: Other worthy treatments of a range of arguments for the existence of God—as parts of treatments of ranges of arguments for and against the existence of God—include GaleMartinand Oppy The works mentioned so far are all products of nonbelief; they all provide critical analyses and negative assessments of the arguments for the existence of God that they consider.
Plantinga is an interesting product of belief that also provides critical analyses and negative assessments of the arguments for the existence of God that it considers, although in the service of a wider argument in favor of the rationality of religious belief; first published inthis work was clearly the gold standard for analysis of arguments for the existence of God prior to Mackie Of the general works that provide a more positive assessment of arguments for the existence of God, consideration should certainly be given to Plantinga and, for those interested in a gentle but enthusiastic introduction, Davies An Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion.
Oxford University Press, Wide-ranging introduction to philosophy of religion that includes a discussion of ontological arguments, cosmological arguments, teleological arguments, arguments from religious experience, arguments from miracles, and moral arguments.
Good coverage of a range of arguments for the existence of God. On the Nature and Existence of God. Cambridge University Press, Entertaining and energetic discussion of ontological arguments, cosmological arguments, arguments from religious experience, and pragmatic arguments e.
The Miracle of Theism: Arguments For and Against the Existence of God. Benchmark text for critical discussion of arguments for the existence of God.
Temple University Press, Comprehensive cumulative case for atheism. Worthy contribution to the literature on arguments for the existence of God.
Discussion of ontological arguments that supplements Ontological Arguments and Belief in God Oppycited under Ontological Arguments. Also includes some discussion of methodology: God and Other Minds: Cornell University Press, Instrumental in setting new standards of rigor and precision for the analysis of arguments for the existence of God.
First published in Two Dozen or so Theistic Arguments. Edited by Deane-Peter Baker, —Fideisms Judaism is the Semitic monotheistic fideist religion based on the Old Testament's ( BCE) rules for the worship of Yahweh by his chosen people, the children of Abraham's son Isaac (c BCE).. Zoroastrianism is the Persian monotheistic fideist religion founded by Zarathustra (cc BCE) and which teaches that good must be chosen over evil in order to achieve salvation.
Newton was a Natural philosopher His book is called just that, and his natural philosophy principles inspired several generations of other natural philosophers in the 18th and beginning of 19th centuries.
Mar 13, · The existence of God, the necessity of assuming that God exists, or the non-existence of God play a crucial role in the philosophies of either of the thinkers, namely, Descartes, Kant and Sartre.
Martin Heidegger (–) was a German philosopher whose work is perhaps most readily associated with phenomenology and existentialism, although his thinking should be identified as part of such philosophical movements only with extreme care and qualification.
- Descartes' Trademark Argument for God's Existence The trademark argument (also known as the causal argument) tries to prove Gods existence through the fact that we have an idea of him. This argument rests on Descartes' definition of cause and effect, which he considers a priori.
René Descartes: Scientific Method. René Descartes’ major work on scientific method was the Discourse that was published in (more fully: Discourse on the Method for Rightly Directing One’s Reason and Searching for Truth in the Sciences).He published other works that deal with problems of method, but this remains central in any understanding of the Cartesian method of science.