Apart from contributing to the national Gross Domestic Product GDPit is also a source of employment, foreign exchange and a source of protein supply for the rural population in the country. Inthe fisheries sector contributed 1. Basically, the fisheries sector has three main subsectors, namely marine capture fisheries, aquaculture, and inland fisheries.
A fresh-caught Hampala Barb. Malaysia is home to a great biodiversity of wildlife, including a varied collection of fish.
From the Malay peninsula to its islands and out to sea, Malaysia is teeming with freshwater and marine fish life. The Sulu Sea, for instance, is home to 1, species of fish. The freshwater fishes, however, dominate the Malay lakes, rivers, and stream.
This wide range of fishes favors the Malay fishing industry, regardless of whether it is for food or trade. Whale Shark Rhincodon typus This species has wide mouths of up to 1. Their heads are large and flat with a pair of small eyes.
They have a gray body, white belly with yellow spots that are unique to each individual. They have five pairs of gills, a pair of dorsal and pectoral fins and ridges on their sides.
They feed on planktons, nektonic, and crab larvae. They occur globally in the oceans around the equator and inhabit warm waters at the coastal and ocean areas. The whale sharks are docile and slow swimmers and do not pose any serious risk to divers.
They reach sexual maturity at 30 years and may live up to years. The female shark is ovoviviparous where it retains the eggs in its body until they hatch and gives birth to live young ones over a period. They are majorly solitary and groups of close to individuals only appear once in a while especially when they are feeding.
Their primary threat is irresponsible fishing practices. They have a slow reproduction rate, and they live long which also put their population at risk of exploitation. They have no teeth but instead, have powerful jaws with sharp gill rakers. Their mouths are thick and leathery, used for destroying premium treble and hooks.
Under their dorsal fins are vertical black bars that may temporarily fade in murky waters. Their fins are red or orange. In Malaysia, they are in the Sarawak, and Sabah Peninsula. They live in streams with clear running water and sandy or muddy bottoms and feed on worms, shrimp, insects and other smaller fish.
They move at high speed and have a sharp hunting instinct. Big species usually hunt alone, but the smaller ones hunt in a pack. They are listed as least concern with possible threats of over-fishing and human encroachment.
Adult females have round abdomens. They have stripes that run from the dorsal base to the head. They also lack scales. They inhabit rivers and streams in the Malay Peninsula and Sumatra and Borneo islands.
Favorable waters are neutral with temperatures of 25 to 30 Degrees Celsius. They feed on worms, brine and catfish pellets. Sometimes they also consume mosquito larvae. Their scaleless bodies are highly sensitive to chemicals in the rivers.
Manta Ray Manta alfredi Members of the species are known to differ in appearance, but most of them are black on their topsides with white bellies. They commonly inhabit shallow waters at the coastal reefs, tropical islands, and bays.
They form a home range where they visit the place yearly. They move seasonally depending on the availability of food. They mate during the full moon. The male swims behind a female and makes efforts to grasp her. Fertilized eggs develop within the female body until they hatch. Gestation period is 13 months.Marine fishes and fisheries of Malaysia and neighbouring countries., Mohsin, A.K.M.
and Ambak, M.A., , taxanomics, spesis list, systematics guide, keys. The demand for fish and fish products is expected to increase due to population growth, rise in per caput income and growing awareness of the health benefits of fish products.
It is estimated that the total demand for fish and fish products in Malaysia by will be million tonne/year. The list below are fish species caught in Tanjung Leman which is situated facing the South China Sea in the southern state of Johor, Malaysia.
Located in the Central Indo-Pacific basin, Malaysia represents one of the most spectacular and richest marine species habitat in the world.
The first part of the book deals with the physic-chemical parameters of the seas around Malaysia, status of fishery, analysis of fish landings of the various states, standing stock and potential yield of Malaysian alphabetnyc.com: A. K. Mohammad Mohsin. • Mid ’s, marine shrimp trapping ponds.
• Early 40’s, the culture of blood cockles. • Mid 50’s, extensive culture of freshwater fishes in earthen ponds. Establishment of Marine Parks & Marine Reserves Order The waters around 40 islands in Malaysian fisheries waters have been gazetted as Marine Parks Malaysia. Fishing and collection of fish and other aquatic animals in these gazetted areas are prohibited.