Vilfredo Pareto and Gaetaro Mosca, the two Italian sociologists first developed the elite theory. Elite theory developed as a reaction to Marxist theory.
It is not intended to replace instructions from your professors and TAs. In all cases follow course-specific assignment instructions, and consult your TA or professor if you have questions.
About These Assignments Theory application assignments are a common type of analytical writing assigned in sociology classes. Many instructors expect you to apply sociological theories sometimes called "perspectives" or "arguments" to empirical phenomena.
Ask yourself, what would the theory predict "have to say" about a particular situation. According to the theory, if particular conditions are present or you see a change in a particular variable, what outcome should you expect?
Generally, a first step in a theory application assignment is to make certain you understand the theory! You should be able to state the theory the author's main argument in a sentence or two.
Depending upon the assignment, you may be asked to specify the following: Macro-level theories refer to society- or group-level causes and processes; micro-level theories address individual-level causes and processes. These are parameters or boundaries specified by the theorist that identify the types of empirical phenomena to which the theory applies.
Most theories begin by assuming certain "facts. Theories vary in terms of whether they specify assumptions, scope conditions and causal mechanisms. Sometimes they can only be inferred: Clearly understanding all the parts of a theory helps you ensure that you are applying the theory correctly to your case.
For example, you can ask whether your case fits the theory's assumptions and scope conditions. Most importantly, however, you should single out the main argument or point usually the causal relationship and mechanism of the theory.
Does the theorist's key argument apply to your case? Students often go astray here by latching onto an inconsequential or less important part of the theory reading, showing the relationship to their case, and then assuming they have fully applied the theory.
Using Evidence to Make Your Argument Theory application papers involve making a claim or argument based on theory, supported by empirical evidence.
|The Marxist Perspective on Crime - Research Paper Example : alphabetnyc.com||He synthesized Hegelian philosophy, English political economy, and French socialist thought to develop a critical analysis of modern capitalism.|
|Other Subject Areas||Useful notes on Neo-Marxist Theories Article shared by:|
Each class of problem is addressed below, followed by some pointers for choosing "cases," or deciding upon the empirical phenomenon to which you will apply the theoretical perspective or argument including where to find data.
A common problem seen in theory application assignments is failing to substantiate claims, or making a statement that is not backed up with evidence or details "proof". When you make a statement or a claim, ask yourself, "How do I know this? Put this evidence in your paper and remember to cite your sources.
Similarly, be careful about making overly strong or broad claims based on insufficient evidence.
For example, you probably don't want to make a claim about how Americans feel about having a black president based on a poll of UW undergraduates. You may also want to be careful about making authoritative conclusive claims about broad social phenomena based on a single case study.
In addition to un- or under-substantiated claims, another problem that students often encounter when writing these types of papers is lack of clarity regarding "voice," or whose ideas they are presenting.The Marxist view of the Mass Media is significantly different.
1. Marxists are very critical of capitalist societies and believe that the Mass Media stand in the way of necessary social change. Marxist view of media owners The traditional Marxist approach argues the concentration of ownership of the mass media in the hands of a few corporations enables owners to control media output and send out ideas/ideologies which benefit ruling-class interests.
Pluralist Theories Of The Mass Media Media Essay. Print Reference this This essay is going to explain and critically evaluate the Marxist and pluralist theories of the mass media.
An explanation of the media will also be included. Marxist theorists suggest that the media is dominated by the ruling class who are the major owners of the media. Marxist Media Theory Daniel Chandler • Opposition to functionalism • Opposition to liberal pluralism • Base and superstructure • Media as means of production • Ideology • Media as amplifiers • The constitution of the subject • Differences within Marxism • The Frankfurt School • Althusser • Gramsci and hegemony • Stuart Hall • Limitations of Marxist analysis.
Some theory application papers require that you choose your own case (an empirical phenomenon, trend, situation, etc.), whereas others specify the case for you (e.g., ask you to apply conflict theory to explain some aspect of globalization described in an article).
view and the panoptical theory applies to our society through the use of technology, therefore people should subvert the power technology has over one’s privacy, by disconnecting themselves from the media every once in a while, in order to produce a sense of control over their own life.