In the thirty-odd months since the inauguration of Jimmy Carter as President there has occurred a dramatic Soviet military buildup, matched by the stagnation of American armed forces, and a dramatic extension of Soviet influence in the Horn of Africa, Afghanistan, Southern Africa, and the Caribbean, matched by a declining American position in all these areas.
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The Cold War was a period of tension and hostility between the United States of America and the Soviet Union from the mids to the late 80s. It began with the end of the Second World War.
It was called the Cold War because there was no active war between the two nations, which was probably due to the fear of nuclear escalation. There were many indirect conflicts like the Vietnam and Korea wars. There was the Cuban missile crisis in which was the closest the world ever came to a nuclear war.
An American U2 spy plane took photographs of Soviet intermediate ballistic missiles capable of carrying nuclear payloads. The Soviet Union sent a total of 42 medium range missiles and 24 intermediate range missiles to Cuba.
The US threatened to invade Cuba over the issue. Ultimately the Soviets removed the missiles on America's promise of not invading Cuba Buzzle. There are three main views about the cold war. Each of them generates a set of discrete claims about the causes of the cold war, the nature of the cold war, the end of the cold war, and its legacy in contemporary international relations.
Perhaps the most popular of these views is that the cold war was an intense struggle for power between the superpowers. Callaghan et al, Who was to blame for the Cold War? At first, western writers blamed Russia. They said Stalin was trying to build up a Soviet empire.
Later, however, some western historians blamed America. Later still, historians think BOTH sides were to blame - that there were hatreds on both sides.
Most recently, historians agree that the Cold War was primarily a clash of beliefs - Communism versus Capitalism. The acquisition of atomic weapons by America caused fear in the Soviets. Both countries feared an attack from each other. America was annoyed by the Soviet Union's actions in the part of Germany it had occupied.
The Soviets feared that America would use Western Europe as a base to attack it. The United States and the Soviet Union represented two opposing systems of government. In the United States, the government was elected by free elections unlike the Soviet Union.
The people could form political parties to voice their political opinions. The United States wanted to encourage free trade throughout the world.Did President Reagan Win the Cold War? YES: John Lewis Gaddis, from The United States and the End of the Cold War: Implications, Reconsiderations, Provocations (Oxford University Press, ) NO: Daniel Deudney and G.
John Ikenberry, from "Who Won the Cold War?". Ronald Reagan is most known for being president during the end of the Cold War with the Soviet Union. He's also famous for his economic policy called "Reaganomics" as well as for being a Hollywood movie star who became president.
Managing the New Cold War. What Moscow and Washington Can Learn From the Last One. This book traced greater trends throughout the Cold War from its inception concluding that in the s and early s, it was the decisions for inaction by Reagan, and more so by Bush, that allowed for a rather peaceful transition into the post Cold War world.
Kevin Wong (8) 09A “Ronald Reagan deserves the most credit for ending the Cold War. ” How far do you agree with this statement? The end of the Cold War, being a large part of modern world history, is complicated in the sense in comparing which factor actually brought about this significant event.
Cold War Essay. The cold war was a long period of extreme political tensions between Russia and its Warsaw Pact Allies, and the United States and its Nato Allies.