The history and description of the parthenon

The temple is generally considered to be the culmination of the development of the Doric orderthe simplest of the three Classical Greek architectural orders. The Parthenon, Athens, Greece. Top Questions What is the purpose of the Parthenon?

The history and description of the parthenon

The history and description of the parthenon

A sculpture from the Parthenon showing a mythical battle between a centaur and a human. Lothar Schulz A graphic image showing how a different metope might have looked when painted. This focus on human suffering epitomises the intense humanism of Greek art. The sculpture also represents Greece's struggle to resist being absorbed into the Persian Empire.

The Greeks had a strong notion of their own identity and regarded the Persians as barbarians like the Centaurs. The Parthenon was completed in BC on the site of an earlier unfinished temple destroyed by the Persians. What was the legacy of Classical Greece?

Parthenon | History & Facts |

Victory over the Persians in BC inspired a period of great creativity in Athens. This was the time of the philosopher Socrates, the playwright Sophocles and the statesmen Pericles.

The wealth from Athens' Mediterranean empire funded the building of the Parthenon - an architectural testament to Athenian supremacy.

Although Athens' golden age lasted for less than a century it was hugely influential. Greek ideas in drama, philosophy, literature, art, science and maths would dominate European thought for the next two millennia. The word barbarian comes from the Greek word for non-Greeks Living with the Parthenon Sculptures I visit the Parthenon galleries on most working days and never grow tired of their timeless beauty and breathing vitality.

I say permanent, but that does not mean that the display remains always the same. The Museum is constantly researching the sculptures and looking for new ways of promoting understanding of them.

Such discoveries are always shared first with Parthenon enthusiasts around the world and not least with colleagues in Greece.

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The Museum enjoys good relations with the Greek Archaeological Service, and both sides are determined not to let the politics of the campaign for the restitution of the sculptures get in the way of our friendship which is based upon mutual respect.

Since the late s, I have followed with interest the great programme of restoration of the Acropolis monuments. This excellent project is correcting the mistakes of previous restoration and has been removing the sculptures that had remained on the building.

A comparison of plaster casts of the West frieze made in shows just how much the sculpture has deteriorated. The original sculpture was removed from the building in Lord Elgin did more than physically save the sculptures.

Once removed from the building they took on a life of their own. No longer seen as architectural ornament or antiquarian curiosity, they also became icons of western art.

Read more I visit the Parthenon galleries on most working days and never grow tired of their timeless beauty and breathing vitality. Ian Jenkins, Curator, British Museum New technology, ancient colour We know that the architectural parts of the Parthenon were once painted because obvious traces of the colours still remain on some of them.

However, archaeologists and art historians have always assumed that the sculptures themselves were also once painted. Until no one had ever been able to prove this, despite many attempts over almost years. Many people including the famous nineteenth century scientist Michael Faraday, a pioneer in electricity and magnetism examined the pieces for colour, but nobody found anything convincing.

Now, thanks to a new imaging technique developed by scientists at the British Museum, we have clear evidence of the presence of ancient blue paint on these sculptures. The blue found known as Egyptian blue is perhaps the earliest pigment made by man rather than being produced by grinding naturally occurring rocks.

It is a quite difficult pigment to form; it is made by mixing sand, chalk, copper and a material like Natron—the salt used for mummification—and by heating this mixture to about ?The purpose of the Parthenon has changed over its 2,year history, beginning as a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena Parthenos (“Athena the Virgin”).

Some scholars, however, question the building’s religious function, partly because no altar from the 5th century BCE has been found. With the aid of descriptions by Pausanias of the 2nd century CE, it is, however, possible to identify the general subjects.

The east pediment as a whole depicts the birth of Athena and the west side the competition between Athena and Poseidon to become patron of the great city. The Parthenon, executed between and BCE and dedicated in BCE, initiated the Periclean building program on the Athenian Acropolis.

It was meant to be the jewel of Athens. It was not the first building on the Acropolis to be constructed of marble, an honor that went to its predecessor. Sep 03,  · Watch video · The term Ancient, or Archaic, Greece refers to the time three centuries before the classical age, between B.C.

and B.C.—a relatively sophisticated period in world history. Archaic Greece.

BBC - A History of the World - Object : Parthenon sculpture: Centaur and Lapith

In , the Parthenon was extensively damaged in the greatest catastrophe to befall it in its long history. As part of the Great Turkish War (–), the Venetians sent an expedition led by Francesco Morosini to attack Athens and capture the Acropolis.

In this post you will find some interesting facts and history of the Parthenon in Athens.. The Parthenon is surely the most important monument of ancient Greece and is one of the most famous in the world. It was the most sacred of monuments, and was famous in antiquity as a Greek architectural masterpiece..

The Parthenon is located in the .

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