In San Francisco, Flora worked as a music teacher and spiritualistclaiming to channel the spirit of a Sauk chief, Black Hawk.
See Article History Alternative Title: During the 20th century he was one of the most extensively translated of American authors.
Deserted by his father, a roving astrologer, he was raised in OaklandCalifornia, by his spiritualist mother and his stepfather, whose surname, London, he took. At age 14 he quit school to escape poverty and gain adventure. He explored San Francisco Bay in his sloopalternately stealing oysters or working for the government fish patrol.
He went to Japan as a sailor and saw much of the United States as a hobo riding freight trains and as a member of Charles T. London saw depression conditions, was jailed for vagrancy, and in became a militant socialist.
London educated himself at public libraries with the writings of Charles DarwinKarl Marxand Friedrich Nietzscheusually in popularized forms. At 19 he crammed a four-year high school course into one year and entered the University of CaliforniaBerkeley, but after a year he quit school to seek a fortune in the Klondike gold rush.
Returning the next year, still poor and unable to find work, he decided to earn a living as a writer.
London studied magazines and then set himself a daily schedule of producing sonnetsballadsjokes, anecdotesadventure stories, or horror storiessteadily increasing his output.
The optimism and energy with which he attacked his task are best conveyed in his autobiographical novel Martin Eden Within two years, stories of his Alaskan adventures began to win acceptance for their fresh subject matter and virile force.
His first book, The Son of the Wolf: Tales of the Far Northa collection of short stories that he had previously published in magazines, gained a wide audience. During the remainder of his life, London wrote and published steadily, completing some 50 books of fiction and nonfiction in 17 years.
Although he became the highest-paid writer in the United States at that time, his earnings never matched his expenditures, and he was never freed of the urgency of writing for money. He maintained his socialist beliefs almost to the end of his life. His Alaskan novels The Call of the WildWhite Fangand Burning Daylightin which he dramatized in turn atavism, adaptability, and the appeal of the wilderness, are outstanding.
In addition to Martin Eden, he wrote two other autobiographical novels of considerable interest: The Road and John Barleycorn Other important novels are The Sea-Wolfwhich features a Nietzschean superman hero, Humphrey Van Weyden, who battles the vicious Wolf Larsen ; and The Iron Heela fantasy of the future that is a terrifying anticipation of fascism.
But his popularity remained high throughout the world after World War IIespecially in Russia, where a commemorative edition of his works published in was reported to have been sold out in five hours.
A three-volume set of his letters, edited by Earle Labor et al. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:Kershaw, Alex - Jack London: A Life (St. Martin's, ) Kingman, Russ - A Pictorial Life of Jack London (New York: Crown, ).
Lachtman, Howard (editor) - Young Wolf: The Early Adventure Stories of Jack London (Santa Barbara, CA: Capra, ). Powers, Richard Gid - The Science Fiction of Jack London: An Anthology (Boston: Gregg, ).
Gr –London's novel portrays the interior life of mistreated part-wolf White Fang while exploring the fundamental nature of wild animals and the brutality inherent in vast Alaskan landscapes and inside men's alphabetnyc.coms: K. Jack London was a 19th century American author and journalist, best known for the adventure novels White Fang and The Call of the alphabetnyc.com: Jan 12, Transcript of Jack Londons life adventures timeline.
He obtained his second job in a salmon cannery at ten cents an hour. He was born on Third Street, San Francisco, California January 12th.
John London (Jacks Father) moved all of their family to Oakland, California where he. Jack London was a 19th century American author and journalist, best known for the adventure novels White Fang and The Call of the Wild.
Synopsis Jack London was born John Griffith Chaney on January 12, , in San Francisco, alphabetnyc.com: Jan 12, Jack London, pseudonym of John Griffith Chaney, (born January 12, , San Francisco, California, U.S.—died November 22, , Glen Ellen, California), American novelist and short-story writer whose best-known works—among them The Call of the Wild () and White Fang ()—depict elemental struggles for survival.