Winning a civil rights lawsuit against a municipality or county is like winning the lottery, at least for the plaintiffs and their attorneys. The vast majority of these suits do not go to trial; the city or county will settle out of court without admitting to wrongdoing.
Introduction The fundamental mission of government is the protection of its citizens. As the most visible arm of government, law enforcement officers are on the front line in the fight to protect citizens from harm, and to preserve public order.
To attain this goal, society grants police officers authority unique in civil government, that of controlling the behavior of their fellow citizens. In the most direct way, and on a daily basis, police officers are engaged in the control and management of the behavior of other members of society.
Law enforcement has historically had limited options for the use of deadly and non-lethal force. Nightsticks and blackjacks had been in existence for many years and were the only impact weapons available for routine use.
Many officers utilized improvised weapons, such as flashlights writing a use of force police report homemade striking devices. The training offered to officers in the use of weapons was very limited, frequently involving only basic firearms instruction.
As criminals on the street gained greater access to a wider range of weapons, law officers experienced a compounded need for more diverse options in both the deadly and non-lethal force arenas. Weapons such as stun guns, aerosol chemical sprays, and martial arts equipment have become available without any type of licensing process in many states.
Additionally, larger caliber and higher capacity firearms, coupled with advances in weapon concealment options, have presented an increased threat to officer safety.
In a relatively short period of time, these weapon developments led to law enforcement falling behind in the level of technological sophistication required to meet the increasing threat levels faced by officers on the street. This increased expectation gave rise to expanded opportunities for litigation at both the state and federal levels, which in turn further fed the media engine.
Thus, a cycle of increased expectations and heightened criticism of law enforcement gave rise to increased risk management efforts by agencies at every level of the justice system. The result of these societal forces has been an increase in police use of non-lethal weapons and techniques, such as aerosol sprays, impact weapons, and simplified defensive tactics systems.
Additionally, a wider selection of restraint methods and devices has become available. During the last 10 to 15 years, law enforcement has also diversified its selection of firearms, replacing outmoded revolvers with higher capacity semi-automatic pistols, and in many cases, traditional pump-action shotguns with semi-automatic shotguns and rifles.
Advances in ammunition and firearms design have given rise to the wide spread adoption of more powerful calibers for police armament, such as the. In order to assure the most effective and efficient use of this enhanced technology, significant advances have been made in law enforcement training methodology.
Systems for use of various tools and techniques have been developed. While manufacturers and vendors of the new technology initially developed these systems, the law enforcement profession has begun to develop non-brand specific training in many regards.
This is an important development, as it allows for the integration of various force and control tools and techniques into more contextually accurate training methodologies.
So that new technologies are properly utilized, and to assist in the proper implementation of training programs, law enforcement has developed enhanced procedural guidelines over the past two decades. The atmosphere created by these recent technological advances, increases in litigation, enhanced training programs and more prolific procedural guidelines is one of increasing difficulty for the law enforcement profession.
While technology and training have increased the potential for officer safety and provided better methods for management of use of force against citizens, in order to fully avail themselves of these advancements, law enforcement executives must devote more and more of their limited resources to equipment purchases and costly training programs.
To monitor the results of these initiatives, Chiefs and Sheriffs must also provide for more detailed direction and control of officers, through assignment of more officers to supervisory roles, and through the development of more extensive procedural guidelines. This, of course, means that supervisors must also be trained, and that all personnel must be trained in the application of new policies and procedures.
Many departments have found it difficult to keep up.
In some cases, departments that purchased new firearms or impact weapons less than ten years ago are under increasing pressure from officers and citizens alike to reevaluate their current equipment, and to consider purchasing even newer technology. In other cases, departments have a great deal of difficulty in offering adequate training to officers within the constraints of current budgets.
Often this is exacerbated by political considerations regarding government expenditures and fiscal policy. Occasionally this practice results in recriminations from politicians or the community that law enforcement executives should have been better prepared to forestall such negative outcomes.
By the vary nature of their jobs, officers are called upon throughout their careers to play mediator in many volatile situations, to take action when laws are violated, and to apprehend traffic violators. At any given time, one of these scenarios can require the use of some type of force or control by an officer.
Additionally, available technology may also impact the decision to use force. If an officer is unprepared to meet the various threats he or she faces, injury to the officer or citizens may result.
Lower confidence on the part of officers might lead to increased probability of injuries and complaints of excessive force.
Whether an encounter leads to an actual arrest or merely a temporary detention for questioning, these intrusions are often unwelcome.he attack took place in Houston, Texas, and the police are still searching for the suspect. How to Write a Police Report. In this Article: Article Summary Following Protocol Describing What Happened Editing Your Report Sample Police Report and Things to Include Community Q&A If you're a police officer or security guard, knowing how to write up a detailed and accurate report is important.
I was walking home on 4th Street when three RP [Regular Police] officers—one woman and two men—stopped me. I showed them my refugee documents and they just attacked me.
A protester holds up a sign ("We are missing 43!") with relatives of the 43 missing students from a teacher’s college in Ayotzinapa during a march in Mexico City. Above the Law Police and the Excessive Use of Force [Jerome H Skolnick, James J Fyfe] on alphabetnyc.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
The now-famous videotape of the beating of Rodney King precipitated a national outcry against police violence. Skolnick and Fyfe. Daily updates of everything that you need know about what is going on in the military community and abroad including military gear and equipment, breaking news, international news and more.